Project # 1 Make vertical axis wind turbine at home

A vertical-axis wind turbine is a type of wind turbine where the main rotor shaft is set transverse to the wind while the main components are located at the base of the turbine. This arrangement allows the generator and gearbox to be located close to the ground, facilitating service and repair.

These plans are for the construction of vertical axis wind turbine, modelled after a design by the Finnish engineer S.J. Savonius in 1922. His idea was to mount two half-cylinders on a vertical shaft. It was simple to build and could accept wind from any direction. However, it was somewhat less efficient than the more common horizontal axis turbine. The reason for the difference has to do with aerodynamics. Horizontal axis turbines have blades that create lift to spin the rotor, whereas the vertical axis design we are using here operates on the basis of drag—one side creates more drag in moving air than the other, causing the shaft spin.

Material Required

  1. 1 Bottle
  2. Two 1x1 ft cardboard sheet
  3. Pencil 
  4. 6Tongue depressor (alternate: 10 Ice cream sticks)


Construction instruction:

The verticle axis wind turbine tutorial and will be upload after online class which will be held on 6 April please visit the youtube channel or

See Also:

DIY Science Project: Wind Turbine Science Fair Project

Abdul Rauf

Teacher, Innovator, Love to create, explore new ways to view & imagine things and then make them real

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