foreign renewable energy expert says: Pakistan can make more than 2000 megawatts energy from biological waste
Pakistan blessed with huge energy resources has the capacity to generate more than 2000 megawatts renewable energy from biogas. At least 120 to 160 megawatts could be generated from the available cattle farms and dung. This was said by Robert D Orr, Director Iqrow Agritee UK Limited and a foreign renewable energy expert, while addressing members of Pakistan Institute of International Affairs (PIIA) here at the institute's library on Saturday.
The foreign expert Robert D Orr believes that thousands of megawatts could also be generated through the waste currently being burnt and adding to pollution and other environmental hazards. A mixture of carbon dioxide and methane formed by the decay of organic waste matter and acts as a fuel is being used world-wide.
Robert, who is already successfully running a biogas pilot project in Landhi area of Karachi, was of the view that small and medium sized biogas plants could be set up in various parts of the city where the cattle fields and manures are available. The livestock industry is a vitally important contributor to the economy of any country, regardless of the degree of industrialization. Anaerobic digestion is a unique treatment solution for animal agriculture as it can deliver positive benefits related to multiple issues, including renewable energy,
Besides, the waste and heat generated by the existing cement and sugar mills in the country could also be converted into energy with little investment and efforts. Bio-gas could be one of the best sources of cheaper and efficient fuel for energy after hydro system in Pakistan. According to Robert, there was no waste in the bio-gas system as its waste (liquid fertilizer) was also important source of fertilizer for agricultural sector. The anaerobic digestion of animal manure is the most common application worldwide. The efficiency of a bio gas facility based on animal manure is governed by several important factors Pakistan’s environment is suitable for bio-gas production
In reply to a query, Robert said thousands of tons civic wastes being pumped into the sea was also creating multiple issues related to both environment and fisheries sector. The only needs, he believes, were to have political will and reorganization use of available resources in the country.
Biogas is type of renewable energy which can use for generation of electricity, heating system and for cooking purpose. Biogas can produce by anaerobic digestion process a biogas plant is a decentralized energy system, which can lead to self-sufficiency in heat and power needs, and reduces environmental pollution
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