Medicinal plants in Pakistan

Medicinal plants in Pakistan

Documentary about MEDICINAL PLANTS IN PAKISTAN in Urdu produced by Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) and Pakistan scientific and technological information center (PASTIC)

MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANT SPECIES OF AZAD KASHMIR FOREST AREAS

In Azad Kashmir, about 70 % of the productive areas were surveyed. The approximate annual yield of plants in the reserves of medicinal herbs in Gureze and Sharda Forest Ranges/Shard Forest Division and Keran Range of Keran Forest Division are shown inTable (1) :

Table (1): Important medicinal plant species of Kashmir forests,
North Western Frontier Province and Baluchistan.

Plant names Parts used Approximate
Annual Yield (tons)
Aconitum chasmanthum Roots

5

Aconitum heterophyllum Roots

1

Acontium sp. Leaves

7

Adianthum capillus Whole plant

120

Angelica glauca Roots

7

Artemisia vulgaris Leaves/ shoots

148

Atropa acuminata Roots

74

Berberis lycium Roots

300

Dioscorea deltoidea Rhizome

148

Dioscorea deltoidea Twigs

233

Geranium wallichianum Roots

18

Myrtus communs Fruits

45

Paeonia emodi Rhizome

99

Podophyllum emodi Rhizome

55

Polygonum amplexicauler Roots

27

Rheum emodi Roots

259

Saxifraga ciliata Roots

37

Thymus serphyllum Leaves

7

Valeriana wallichii Rhizome

148

Zizyphus vulgaris Fruits

30

The quantitative surveys of some of the above mentioned pharmacopoeially important medicinal plants, conducted in different forests of the North West Frontier Province and Baluchistan reveal that substantial quantities of such crude drug plants can be procured.

 

CONSUMPTION OF ESSENTIAL OILS IN PAKISTAN

The actual supply/demand of herbs and medicinal plants is in the range of 20,000 tonnes per annum. About 14,000 tonnes of herbs were imported in 1989-1990 while about 106 tonnes of herbs and 3,083 tonnes of medicinally-used plants were exported in that year. Essential oils of Anise, Caraway, Coriander, Fennel, Lavender, Spearmint and Rosemary are extensively used as flavours for domestic consumption and for export.

Consumption of essential oils in Pakistan has been estimated by the Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan and values are shown in Table (2).

Table (2) : Annual consumption (Kg) of essential oils in Pakistan.

Products

Consumption (kg)

Eucalyptus oil

10,000

Pepper mint oil

10,000

Menthol

25,000

Lemon oil

15,000

Orange oil

15,000

Herbaceous oils

1,000

Other oils

10,000

Total

86,000

Source: http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5402e/x5402e15.htm

Abdul Rauf

Teacher, Innovator, Love to create, explore new ways to view & imagine things and then make them real
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